Landscape photographs typically capture the presence of nature but can also focus on

man made features or disturbances of landscapes.


Wildlife photography in BC is a genre of photography concerned with documenting various forms of wildlife in their natural habitat.

As well as requiring photography skills, wildlife photographers may need field craft skills. For example, some animals are difficult to approach and thus a knowledge of the animal's behavior is needed in order to be able to predict its actions. Photographing some species may require stalking skills or the use of a hide/blind for concealment.

While wildlife photographs can be taken using basic equipment, successful photography of some types of wildlife requires specialist equipment, such as macro lenses for insects, long focal length lenses for birds and underwater cameras for marine life. However, a great wildlife photograph can also be the result of being in the right place at the right time and often involves a

good understanding of animal behavior in order to anticipate interesting situations to capture in photography. 

In the early days of photography, it was difficult to get a photograph of wildlife due to slow

lenses and the low sensitivity of photographic media. Earlier photos of animals were usually

pets, stuffed, and zoo animals. These included photos of lion cubs taken at the Bristol zoo

in 1854 and in 1864, photos of the last Quagga by Frank Hayes. Wildlife photography

gained more traction when faster photography emulsions and quicker shutters came in

the 1880s. Developments like these lead to photos such as the ones taken by German

Ottomar Anschutz in 1884, the first shots of wild birds in action. In July 1906, National

Geographic published its first wildlife photos. The photos were taken by George Shiras III,

a U.S. Representative from Pennsylvania. Some of his photos were taken with the first

wire-tripped camera.


Landscape photography in BC shows our spaces within the world, sometimes vast and

unending, but other times microscopic. Landscape photographs typically capture the presence

of nature but can also focus on man-made features or disturbances of landscapes.

Landscape photography is done for a variety of reasons. Perhaps the most common is to recall a personal

observation or experience while in the outdoors, especially when traveling. Others pursue it particularly as an outdoor lifestyle, to be involved with nature and the elements, some as an escape from the artificial world.

Many B.C. landscape photographs show little or no human activity and are created in the pursuit of a pure, unsullied depiction of nature, devoid of human influence—instead featuring subjects such as strongly defined land forms, weather, and ambient light. As with most forms of art, the definition of a landscape photograph is broad and may include rural or urban settings, industrial areas or nature photography.